The Polish Geological Institute and the CPK signed a cooperation agreement in the planning, design and construction of the airport and related railway and road investments. It includes, among others, participation in site surveys and specialist consultancy in the subsoil investigation.
The substantive support of the Polish Geological Institute – National Research Institute (PIG-PIB) will first and foremost concern the scope of engineering geology, hydrogeology and subsoil survey. The PIG–PIB performs the tasks of the state geological service and the state hydrogeological service in Poland.
The Agreement between CPK and PIG-PIB is an announcement of substantive cooperation which must translate into a quick progressof works at this important infrastructure project
The aim of the cooperation is to consult and select high-quality test methods, as well as to optimise the standard of site surveys to be performed by the contractors. CPK and PIG–PIB undertook to appoint a working team to implement the arrangements provided for in the agreement.
The PIG–PIB consultancy will be necessary already during the preparation stage of the assumptions for cooperation with the site survey advisor for the preparation of the CPK Airport Master Plan. The task of the site survey contractor will be to prepare, in cooperation with CPK, among others, the input to the geological and geophysical documentation, maps for design purposes, assessment of the technical condition of civil structures, archaeological surveys and unexploded ordnance survey.
The CPK is not only an airport, but an entire transport system that will revolutionise travelling in Poland. We are preparing an infrastructure project with a total value of capital expenditures exceeding PLN 100 billion. In order to ensure efficient implementation, extensive cooperation with experts in their fields is necessary, and such experts are provided by the PIG–PIB.
We have over a century of experience, expertise and outstanding experts in engineering geology, hydrogeology and geohazards. We will effectively advise which geological factors should be taken into account in the process of planning, preparing and implementing the investment and will help to interpret the geological data obtained during the works.
The Agreement shall be valid throughout the period of the CPK investment. According to the programmes presented by the CPK company in June this year, the launch of the first stage of the airport (two runways with the necessary infrastructure, which will enable to handle up to 45 million passengers per year) is expected asat the end of 2027. The CPK railway investments were planned for the years 2020-2034, with a part of the sections to be ready upon launching the airport operation.
It is yet another cooperation agreement signed by the CPK company with the state-owned entities. In March 2020, the CPK and the General Directorate for National Roads and Motorways (GDDKiA) concluded an agreement concerning the coordination of the investment, including e.g. extension of the A2 motorway at the Warsaw-Łódź section and construction of the Warsaw Metropolitan Area Ring Road. CPK also cooperates, among others, with the Instituteof Meteorology and Water Management (IMGW), obtaining from it the data necessary for planning the airport.
The CPK company is currently conducting a competitive dialogue with the SeoulIncheon and TokyoNarita airports, which will result in the selection of a strategic adviser this year. In the airport part of the project, there is being conducted, among others, a procedure aimed at selecting a technical consultant for the Master Plan (a study specifying, among others, the detailed parameters of the airport, the investment area, dimensions and location of infrastructure elements, traffic forecasts, construction staging plan and the development concept of the land around the airport).
In the railway part of the project, the company, among others, completes the analysis of comments and opinions as part of the nationwide consultations on the railway and road Strategic Location Study (SLS). Preparations for nature inventories are in progress for the sections of railway lines which will be executed first and for which the first construction works are to start in 2023.
The dynamic development of air traffic in Poland and the planned construction of the CPK mean that new principles and a new approach to aviation policy must be developed with regard to the airport network. The latest government document concerning this area, namely the ‘Programme for the Development of the Airport Network and Ground Infrastructure’, was adopted pursuant to a resolution of the Council of Ministers of the 8th of May 2007 and, over the past 12 years, was partially implemented and partially became obsolete.
The decision to build CPK has already been made – works are in progress and determine the framework of aviation policy. Due to this, the existing ‘Programme for the Development of the Airport Network’ and ground infrastructure must be replaced with a new document. Representatives of the industry must now work out a common position as to the scope, role and methodology that we will use when working on those components of aviation policy that will concern the development of the airport network
As noted by the Deputy Minister of Infrastructure, we can expect a significant increase in traffic levels on the Polish market, resulting from such factors as increasing Poland’s air traffic capacity through the introduction of the CPK.
Construction of a large transport hub in a given country does not necessarily result in a shift in the proportion of shares in air traffic. In this context, construction of the CPK may constitute an opportunity for regional airports and not a threat.
The meeting was initiated by representatives of the airline industry, including the Polish Regional Airport Association that brings together airports which today generate 60% of air traffic in Poland. The CPK enterprise took it upon itself to organise the first in a series of workshops. Participants discussed various aspects of shaping aviation policy, its scope, time horizon and methodology as well as the shortcomings of the airport infrastructure in central Poland, the low capacity of infrastructure and environmental restrictions.
As a fully-fledged member of the aviation industry, we took it upon ourselves to organise these workshops. The industry, as a whole, is aware of the need and demand for working out a common position in the face of challenges posed by increasing air traffic levels. The CPK as a project complements the existing airport network and will increase the synergy of the entire system, which is why representatives of all entities responsible for managing the airport infrastructure are present here today
According to Mariusz Szpikowski, CEO of the Porty Lotnicze state-owned enterprise and Head of Chopin Airport in Warsaw, “although the development of regional ports in recent years is a positive phenomenon, it wasn’t in all cases accompanied by positive financial results and, in some situations, resulted in a ‘cannibalisation’ of the market”.
We, therefore, need to develop a strategy so as to enable a healthy development of regional ports conducive to the interests of both individual regions and Poland as a whole
The CPK project is an opportunity for regional airports as well. We believe that implementation of the project will lead to much needed changes in Polish regulations, making it quicker and easier to carry out capital works projects at airports. We hope that legal barriers preventing the sustainable development of the domestic airport network will be removed, such as the controversial regulations concerning areas of restricted use
We were happy to accept the invitation to a strategic workshop on the subject of the development of aviation in Poland. It was an excellent opportunity to discuss the role of regional airports, including Kraków Airport, in the context of plans for the construction of CPK. Air traffic projections make it clear that we urgently require both a new, large air transport hub, as well as modern and dynamically developing regional airports
Other participants in the meeting included Beata Mieleszkiewicz – Head of the Department of Aviation at the Ministry of Infrastructure, Piotr Samson – Head of the Civil Aviation Authority, Janusz Janiszewski – Head of the Polish Air Navigation Services Agency as well as representatives of regional airports in Bydgoszcz, Gdańsk, Lublin, Łódź, Modlin, Olsztyn, Poznań, Rzeszów and Wrocław. The meeting was moderated by experts from consulting companies – Boston Consulting Group and ARUP. Apart from providing answers to the question of the future shape of aviation policy with regard to the development of the airport network, the workshops also created a platform for future cooperation.
In 2018, Polish airports handled over 46,000,000 passengers, a 15% increase in comparison to 2017 and almost five times as many as in 2005. According to the projections of PwC, this year Polish airports will handle over 50,000,000 passengers. The number of airline passengers is dynamically growing and, according to the Civil Aviation Authority, this trend will see the number of passengers handled at Polish airports exceeding 90,000,000 by 2035. According to a report by Baker McKenzie and Polityka Insight, 160,000,000 passengers will be unable to use air transport in Europe due to insufficient infrastructure capacity.
As early as in mid-April, the CPK enterprise commenced the process of making strategic arrangements with industry partners. Representatives of over 60 companies, who will operate at the airport or provide services for the airport, participated in the inaugural meeting. As a result of these consultations, the enterprise received over 400 comments and proposals regarding the infrastructure of the prospective airport. The second stage of strategic consultations regarding the CPK will commence in July and will feature even more entities.
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) has also commenced collaborating with CPK, giving rise to the Airport Consultative Committee (ACC) – which will assist in planning the prospective airport. The first meeting of the committee is scheduled to take place on the 18th of July in Warsaw. The IATA has invited all interested carriers (including those not affiliated with the organisation) to participate in the committee. Apart from the airlines currently operating from Chopin Airport and other network carriers, these include budget and cargo airlines.
Plans of the CPK enterprise for this year include choosing a strategic and technical consultant – an international entity with experience in implementing projects involving the design, construction and management of air transport hubs. The enterprise also intends to commission a general (master) plan for theCPK Airport in this year. The plan will tackle such issues as the estimated levels of air traffic, dimensioning of the planned infrastructure and its preliminary location plan, the staging of construction works and a detailed business model of the prospective airport.
The Committee created by the IATA in cooperation with CPK management, will serve as an important forum to exchange ideas and better inform decision-making. The Airport Consultative Committee (ACC) will essentially serve as an airline technical body to review strategic options, assess the cost and benefits, and consider the operational impacts on airlines and their passengers.
IATA will extend invitations for ACC membership to allpassenger and cargo airlines (including non-IATA members) that have an interest in operating from CPK. This will include current operators at Chopin Airport as well as those that may have future plans to enter the Polish market when CPK Airport opens. Participants will be expected to have the seniority or expertise to represent their organization’s views and make a contribution to the proceedings.
Our operation is carefully thought out. It is impossible to plan the airport well, without asking for the opinion of those who will use it. We are consistently building a knowledge base that will help us prepare the master plan of the CPK Airport
The inaugural ACC meeting, scheduled to take place in Warsaw on July 18, will be the first of many that will be held throughout the CPK development process. The initial activities will include verifying that the conceptual assumptions of the CPK are aligned with the needs of carriers and whether any possible improvements need to be made. The overall goal is to ensure that infrastructure solutions are consistent with the expectations and needs of carriers: technical, operational and financial.
We highly value the knowledge and experience of IATA experts, which is why we want to conduct the widest possible consultations with the airline industry. The result is to be a new airport between Warsaw and Lodz, which takes into account the needs of all its customers: carriers, companies operating in the airport and providing services to it, and above all passengers
IATA brings experience gained on global airport projects to Poland and has incorporated the lessons learned into the ACC’s terms of reference which describe its objectives, activities, membership and structure. The ACC will have two co-chairs with one chosen from the airline community and the other drawn from CPK.
On behalf of IATA, we are very pleased to be working closely on this key project for transport in Europe. With European demand for travel set to grow by around 50% by 2037, it is vital that the right infrastructure be built now to be ready for this increased. Air passengers are counting on us and IATA is proud to be part of the solution
The ACC is the next step in the comprehensive consultation process with CPK stakeholders which started in mid-April with a meeting attended by over 60 representatives of various entities, e.g. Polish Aviation Group, Board of Airline Representatives in Poland, Polish Air Navigation Services Agency, Poczta Polska, Orlen, LOTOS, PERN, LOT AMS, LS Airport Services, Polish Hotel Holding, FedEx, DHL, UPS, TNT Express.
CPK familiarized the partners with the planned stages of the investment, presented a working block diagram of the project implementation as well as terms of reference regarding the structure and scope of consultation. By the end of May, CPK received over 400 comments and proposals on a wide range of topics concerning the infrastructure of the planned airport, from aircraft, passenger, and baggage handling to cargo and technical support.
This year CPK plans to engage a strategic and technical advisor, an international entity with investment experience in the design, construction and management of interchanges. This year CPK will also commission a master plan. It will include, among others: air traffic forecasts, dimensioning of planned infrastructure and initial plan of its location, construction stage and detailed business model of the planned airport.
The number of partners participating in consultations will be expanded with additional groups such as distribution network administrators, providers of new technologies and smart infrastructural solutions. Negotiations will concern more detailed issues. We will move on from discussing the general demand for infrastructural components, to agreeing their specific parameters.
We attach great importance to consultations with industry partners. We want to make sure that the CPK meets the expectations of future users, suppliers and business partners. We believe that building an efficient airport is impossible without talking to other companies and listening to those who will be using the airport and providing it with products and services.
That is why consultations will continue in the future. Each entity participating in the Stakeholder Forum will be able to declare its expectations and needs regarding the infrastructure of the prospective airport. Thanks to additional stages of strategic consultations, we will obtain the knowledge required to commission a general plan for the CPK Airport, which we are planning to do this year.
We note that in mid-April, the CPK enterprise commenced the process of strategic arrangements with industry partners (carriers, infrastructure administrators, handling companies, cargo operators, freight forwarders, fuel suppliers etc.).
Participants in the CPK Stakeholder Forum include such entities as LOT Polish Airlines, Polish Air Navigation Services Agency, Polish Post, Orlen, LOTOS, PERN, the Border Guard, LOT AMS, LS Airport Services, LS Technics, Welcome Airport Services, National Tax Administration, Polish Hotel Holding, the General National Roads and Motorways Authority, FedEx, DHL, UPS and TNT Express.
At the inaugural meeting, which featured over 60 representatives of businesses and institutions interested in the project, the CPK project sponsor described the principles of the concept of the prospective airport (consistent with the attached diagram), discussed the scheduled stages of the project, showed a working block diagram of the implementation of the project and assumptions made by the CPK enterprise as to the formula and scope of collaboration. All businesses invited to the meeting were given time to submit their comments and expectations.
We have concluded gathering requests as part of the first stage of strategic consultations. We received over 400 comments and proposals concerning the infrastructure of the prospective airport relating to airplane, passenger, baggage and cargo services, technical facilities etc. Businesses are happy that the CPK project sponsor is already consulting the assumptions underlying the project at this early stage. All comments will help us prepare the design assumptions of the airport.
We hope to select a strategic and technical consultant – an international entity with experience in implementing projects involving the design, construction and management of air transport hubs by the end of the current year. The consultant will be responsible for collaborating with the CPK enterprise and providing it with expert guidance on an ongoing basis.
By the end of this year, the CPK will also commission a general (master) plan – one of the most important documents in the process of airport planning and even more expansive and critical when planning greenfield projects. The plan describes the proposed development of the airport, usually over a period of more than 20 years. It contains a number of feasibility and strategy studies such as air traffic projections, dimensioning of the planned infrastructure and its initial location plan, staging of construction works, plan of airspace organisation, strategy of ensuring access to the airport, strategy of sustainable development and impact on local communities as well as a detailed business model of the prospective airport.
A so-called Private Investor Test (PIT) was carried out this year by one of the big four consulting companies which showed that the rate of return on the airport component of the project exceeds 10%. The PIT specifies such factors as the basic parameters of the project and verifies economic arguments in its favour. The results show that the construction of the CPK is economically viable from the point of view of a potential private investor.