Centralny Port Komunikacyjny (CPK) has completed the most awaited tender related to the construction of Poland’s new CPK airport and signed an agreement with a consortium of Foster + Partners and Buro Happold Limited, whose bid was found to be the most advantageous in the proceedings for the selection of a Master Architect (MA)..
The main tasks of the Master Architect for the CPK’s airport include designing the passenger terminal building, railway station and public transport interchange. Additionally, the consortium led by Foster + Partners will participate in CPK consultations with key stakeholders and potential general contractors.
CPK is one of the largest infrastructure investments in our part of Europe. Despite its huge scale, we are executing it in compliance with the schedule, reaching milestones one by one. Today we mark one of the most important – inauguration of the cooperation with the Master Architect, who will have the most spectacular influence on the shape of the new airport. I am confident that it will not only look great, but will provide the best passenger experience, putting them at the heart of the design
The value of the contract (including the tasks covered by the option right) is PLN696 million net (ca. EUR 150 mln). The concept design of key CPK buildings is expected to be ready as early as the middle of 2023, and all other design services will be provided within two and a half years from the contract conclusion date. Foster + Partners’ bid was selected from among the companies shortlisted for the competitive dialogue: the consortia Zaha Hadid Architects and WSP UK Limited; Dar Al-Handasah and Perkins&Will; Vidal y Asociados Estudio de Arquitectura, Weston Williams +Partners LLP, gmp International GmbH as well as Kohn Pedersen Fox.
We selected the contractor using the competitive dialogue tender procedure. It consisted among other things of the design exercise, thanks to which bidders could present their visions of the CPK project. The real challenge, however, starts now. Together with the world-famous architects we will prepare the ultimate design of the most important part of the new Polish transport system
One of the main assumptions of the design is expandability and modular construction, enabling the airport to be built and operational by year 2028 and ready to serve up to 40 mln passengers and then expand seamlessly to meet 65 mln passenger target in 2060.
The first design ideas of Foster + Partners include a landside interchange plaza that is animated by lush greenery and flooded with natural light. People congregate in this vibrant space before travelling or welcoming visitors. The plaza connects the hub’s three main modes of transport: air, rail and road.
It acts as the focal point of the scheme and supports the shift towards more efficient and sustainable means of travel. The plaza will also be able to accommodate future emerging technologies. The final design will optimise passenger experience making the facilities accessible and inclusive. The functional and flexible layout, with minimal level changes will allow for efficient and seamless passenger flows and optimised transfers.
We are proud and excited to be chosen by CPK as the designers of this project. In collaboration, we will work together to create a model for the future of totally integrated transportation design. We believe that this project will completely revolutionise travel across the country and beyond. The vision of woven architectural form is deliberately and strongly expressed. It could shape the building and guide the passengers through its spaces, while also serving as a powerful symbolic reference to Poland’s rich cultural heritage and the united strength of its people
The design will need to respond to the challenges of time, cost and quality. Opportunities for modularisation and prefabrication are to be maximised, allowing the transport hub to adapt to ever-evolving operational needs. This creates a resilient and future-proof scheme that will stand the test of time.
Foster + Partners is a global studio for architecture, urbanism and design, rooted in sustainability, which was founded over fifty years ago in 1967 by Norman Foster. Since then, he and the team around him have established an international practice with a worldwide reputation for thoughtful and pioneering design, working as a single studio that is both ethnically and culturally diverse. The studio integrates the skills of architecture with engineering, both structural and environmental, urbanism, interior and industrial design, model and film making, aeronautics and many more – collegiate working environment of the studio is similar to a compact university. These diverse skills make Foster + Partners capable of tackling a wide range of projects, particularly those of considerable complexity and scale.
Centralny Port Komunikacyjny (CPK) is a new transport development program in Poland – a strategic investment that is extremely important for the economic development of the country and the region and, of utmost importance, the security of Europe as a whole. It’s a great infrastructure project on an incredible scale to integrate air, rail, and road transportation quickly and efficiently. The CPK project includes, among others, rail investments: a transport hub at the airport in the centre of Poland and a network of new railway lines, mainly high speed, with a total length of nearly 2,000 km. This will make it possible to travel between Warsaw and Poland’s largest cities in no more than 2.5 hours. The first preparatory construction work on new CPK airport is planned to begin in 2023.
The strategic tasks of Dar Al-Handasah will be the development of multi-discipline design plans and specifications for the technical infrastructure of the CPK, including runways and taxi ways, aprons, utilities, and service lines, as well as civil structures. Dar will also be tasked with securing the essential construction permits on behalf of CPK, on-site services (under the right of option), and consulting at every stage of the project.
We are very happy to have completed such a critical tender on time. The Master Civil Engineer is one of the ‘Big Four’ developers for the airport project. The satisfaction is even greater that the winning bidder is such a well-known, renowned, experienced, and globally recognized company as Dar, with a track record of projects in Europe, the USA, the Middle East, Africa, and India,” says Mikołaj Wild, CEO of CPK company
With its global experience, strong portfolio and extensive competencies, Dar will bring advanced know-how in sustainable planning and net zero design capabilities to this project. Dar will also share with CPK its experience and expertise in the application of highly durable and safe airport facilities and technologies which meet both the current and future demands as well as the expectations of the market.
Dar is privileged to have been selected as the Master Civil Engineer on a Project as ambitious and visionary as the CPK, and we look forward to working with CPK and the 3 other designers to support deliver its strategic vision, through a highly sustainable, future-fit transport hub that meets the aspirations of its communities, both now and for years to come
Dar is an internationally recognized design consultant with experience in planning and designing airports with technical infrastructure, bringing world-class engineering expertise in airport design with comprehensive consulting in architecture, infrastructure, processing, and sustainability.
Dar is the founding member of the Dar Group, a holding which has delivered projects that include such airports as the smart Dubai International airport, one of the world’s busiest airports and the Hamad International Airport in Qatar, recognised as the best airport in the world in the Skytrax World Airport Awards 2021 and 2022. Dar group has also supported the development of O’Hare International Airport in Chicago, LaGuardia Airport in New York, San Francisco International Airport and Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport in China.
So far, as part of the airport component, the CPK company has announced four key tenders for the design works and design-related services: the Master Architect (MA), in which the offer of Foster + Partners and Buro Happold has been selected; the Master Civil Engineer (MCE), the Airport System Infrastructure Designer (ASID), and the Support Infrastructure Engineer (SIE). The first preparatory construction work on the CPK is planned to begin in 2023.
The purpose of DRF is continuous assurance of the technical correctness and completeness of the design documentation, obtained from the Master Architect, the Master Civil Engineer and the Support Infrastructure Engineer.
Centralny Port Komunikacyjny is one of the largest infrastructural projects in Central and Eastern Europe and, at the same time, an EU infrastructure investment priority for the coming years. Therefore, we hope that the tendering procedure will involve the most experienced and competent contractors worldwide, because only entities with proper knowledge and experience, specialized in the design and technical review of design documentation in the airport industry can ensure meeting the most demanding design quality requirements
Collaboration with an entity qualified in the monitoring of the design documentation preparation process, as well as proper review, will enable effective collaboration of all CPK designers and other partners. This process will affect the detection of potential design errors or inter-sectoral collisions at an early stage. This will benefit in proper and effective completion of the planned construction works in line with the assumed schedule.
The procedure is conducted as an open tender. The Company hopes for the participation of engineering companies from across the world. The documentation of the procedure is available on the SmartPZP platform.
Until now, as part of the airport component, the company has announced 4 key tenders for the design works and design-related services: the Master Architect (MA), the Airport System Infrastructure Designer (ASID), the Master Civil Engineer (MCE) and the Support Infrastructure Engineer (SIE).
Centralny Port Komunikacyjny is a new transport development program in Poland – a strategic investment that is extremely important for the economic development of the country and the region and, of utmost importance, the security of Europe as a whole. It’s a huge infrastructure project on an incredible scale to integrate air, rail and road transportation quickly and efficiently. Centralny Port Komunikacyjny includes, among others, rail investments: a transport hub at the airport in the center of Poland and a network of new railway lines, mainly high-speed, with a total length of nearly 2,000 km. This will make it possible to travel between Warsaw and Poland’s largest cities in no more than 2.5 hours. According to the latest IATA air traffic forecasts, by 2060 Centralny Port Komunikacyjny will attract around 850 million passengers and over 35 million tons of air cargo to Poland, benefiting the country and the region.
Under the chairmanship of Prime Ministers Mateusz Morawiecki and Pedro Sánchez, the 14th Polish-Spanish intergovernmental consultations took place on Wednesday, with the participation of the Government Plenipotentiary for Centralny Port Komunikacyjny, Secretary of State at the Ministry of Development Funds and Regional Policy, Marcin Horała. Within the framework of the transport sub-table, Deputy Minister Horała discussed in detail with the Minister of Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda of the Kingdom of Spain, Ms. Raquel Sánchez Jiménez, the results of the fruitful Polish-Spanish cooperation to date on Centralny Port Komunikacyjny and prospects for the future. Both parties agreed that there is very high potential for deepening cooperation not only in the high-speed rail sector, but also in the airport component of the Centralny Port Komunikacyjny.
The best proof of the sense and added value of cooperation with Spanish partners is the fact that on the day of the 14th edition of the Polish-Spanish intergovernmental consultations, Centralny Port Komunikacyjny and the recognised Spanish engineering company INECO signed a commercial agreement for a peer review of the high-speed rail technical standards prepared by CPK in cooperation with the Railway Research Institute. The foundation through which this agreement was made possible was the Memorandum of Cooperation between Poland and Spain, which I had the pleasure of signing with the Spanish Ministry of Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda during the previous Polish-Spanish intergovernmental consultations on 31 May 2021
The agreement for a peer review of the HSR technical standards was signed by the President of Centralny Port Komunikacyjny, Mikołaj Wilda, and the CEO of INECO, Sergio Vázquez Torrón. Company has to establish commercial cooperation with external entities with experience in the construction and operation of HSR systems in Europe with the aim of reviewing the Polish HSR Technical Standards developed by the Railway Research Institute and the Company.
The importance of Polish-Spanish cooperation to date on the Centralny Port Komunikacyjny, including in particular on the CPK-INECO level, was underscored by the signing of a Joint Declaration between the Plenipotentiary for the Centralny Port Komunikacyjny, Marcin Horała, and the Minister for Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda of the Kingdom of Spain, Raquel Sánchez Jiménez. This is a continuation of the cooperation started last year, with the signing of the MoU, during consultations in Madrid.
The Financial Partner’s role will be, in particular: providing a contribution to cover the shares it takes up in the Airport Component SPV, participation in organization of financing for the construction of the Centralny Port Komunikacyjny Airport and further financial resources to support its operations.
Therefore, the CPK publishes the following call for expression of interest in the process, which is addressed particularly to entities interested in financial participation and experienced in investments in the airport sector.
More information about the CPK and the process of partner selection can be found in the attached material.
Centralny Port Komunikacyjny is not just an airport – it is Poland’s new transport system, at the centre of which there will be located a hub between Warsaw and Łódź. Its most important premise assumes the integration of air, rail and road transport. As part of this project, Centralny Port Komunikacyjny will be built at a distance of 37 km west of Warsaw, within an area of approx. 40 km2; in the first phase, it will have the capacity of 40 million passengers per year.
Centralny Port Komunikacyjny will also include rail investments: a transport hub at the airport and a network of new high-speed lines nearly 2,000 km long. They will shorten a travel between Warsaw and the largest Polish cities to no more than 2.5 hours.
Dual use – more than one purpose
Centralny Port Komunikacyjny is planned as a civil airport, but it will also have an additional role: it will increase the security of Poland and Central and Eastern Europe. In times of armed conflict, airports – including civilian ones – are sometimes used for the transfer of military units, equipment, goods or humanitarian aid and also by supporting forces as well as rapid reaction forces.
In military terminology, this mechanism is called ‘dual use’, which means dual purpose infrastructure. This way it can be used by NATO forces whenever necessary.
We need depth and redundancy in transportation infrastructure. The CPK project will add a capability and capacity that no other node in Poland (or elsewhere in Eastern Europe) can match
In case of a threat of aggression against Poland or the Baltic countries, the airport could be used by heavy transport aircraft carrying troops from the American continent and Western European along with heavy combat equipment
A significant advantage of CPK will also be intermodality and an excellent connection of the airport with every part of Poland and countries all over Europe, especially its central and eastern part. Centralny Port Komunikacyjny will be part of a rail hub at the centre of a new 1981 km long network. The airport’s location near the A2 motorway and halfway between Warsaw and Łódź will also provide convenient integration with the road network.
Thanks to these elements, it will be possible to reload equipment or goods onto rail or road transport in no time. This way it will be possible to move people or cargo efficiently from the centre of Poland to any part of Europe.
The CPK, despite the nature of a civilian investment, also has a significant impact on the level of defense of our country. Of course, it will not be a military base, but an extremely important point on NATO’s eastern flank – If only because of the significant increase in the so-called military mobility
Key element of the eastern flank
Many experts say that Poland needs an airport with high capacity, capable of operating 24 hours a day and 7 days a week, adapted to handle cargo (goods), connected to motorways and the rail network – in other words, just like the planned Centralny Port Komunikacyjny. Such infrastructure will contribute to increased operational mobility on NATO’s eastern flank.
The current political and military situation in the vicinity of NATO’s eastern flank and the war in Ukraine actually confirm the validity of the decisions taken by the Polish state authorities in this regard. The implementation of this project must take into account the need to provide it with anti-missile and anti-aircraft defence, both in peacetime and in wartime, as the airport will become a facility of strategic importance from the point of view of benefits for the economy and defence of the Polish state. In addition, the airport will also play a strategic role for our allies in the event of need for a quick transfer of NATO forces to the eastern flank
Investment needed urgently
Centralny Port Komunikacyjny, which is set up to carry out this investment, has been consulting with the Polish military on the assumed parameters and design data for the new airport and railway lines since 2019. This is happening consistently even now, e.g. as part of the development of the airport master plan or feasibility studies for the CPK and the “railway spokes”, i.e. the railway lines to be built as part of CPK.
The CPKy Airport and CPK railway investments can be compared to the human heart and circulatory system. Efficient blood circulation not only enables us to function fruitfully in everyday life, but can even determine our survival in crisis situations. Due to its place on the map, the Republic of Poland has already been predestined to be one of the main European hubs and the EU’s gateway to the East for people and goods in times of peace.
Now, even more so, as a result of the Russian attack on Ukraine, the most important streams of people, military equipment and aid for the Ukrainian population are merging in Poland. On this occasion, we gather invaluable experience in the field of ensuring and securing logistics in crisis situations, or even situations close to an armed conflict. It becomes obvious that we need the most efficient transport system that will function smoothly in all the most demanding situations. At the same time, we need to properly secure this new bloodstream of our economy against attacks by our enemies. The heart of the Polish transport system must never stop working
According to forecasts prepared by the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the assumed annual capacity of the first stage of the Centralny Port Komunikacyjny – in the so-called base scenario – should amount to 40 million passengers per year. The forecasts have been adjusted for the COVID-19 effect, the negative effects of which – as indicated by the forecasts – should be overcome in 2024. According to IATA, this is when the aviation market is expected to return to its pre-pandemic condition.
Because of the events we are witnessing: the pandemic, the Russian aggression against Ukraine and all other unforeseen circumstances, this project is included in the priorities of the Polish state. It will be a signal to the world that large aircraft and large cargoes can come to our region. Bearing in mind all our today’s talks, especially the security of Poland, this is an investment needed urgently